The ever-growing skin cancer epidemic throughout the globe, especially during summers is an alarm to take charge of your skin and prevent it from harmful cancer triggers. There could be many reasons for skin cancer, mainly being sun exposure and revelation to salon tanning. Thankfully, all the reasons can be prevented to safeguard your skin against cancer. Here are a few essential tips to follow:
Avoid direct exposure to sun:
When it comes to preventing skin cancer, the most important step would be to avoid direct exposure to the sun as long as possible. This may seem a bit difficult but you may protect your skin from damage caused due to prolonged exposure to the harmful rays. Even if you have to step out in scorching heat, make sure you do not skip anything to safeguard your skin against damage.
Remain in shade during peak hours:
Unless and until extremely important, keep in shade during the peak hours. The sunrays are strongest between 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. This is the time of the day when you should stay away from the sun, especially if you want to prevent skin cancer. It is also recommended to keep children in shades during the peak hours to protect their delicate skin from UV (ultra violet) rays.
Keep you face covered with a hat:
The easiest way to protect your face from the sun is wearing a hat. It provides a shield against powerful sunrays that may cause burns in your face, neck, ears and hair. Make sure you wear a broad brimmed and finely woven hat that does not allow any rays to pass through it. Avoid hats made of woven straw as they do not completely shield the UV rays to reach the skin.
Never skip sunscreens:
Sunscreen is another effective way to keep sun damage at a bay, though you have to be very careful while choosing them. There are many sunscreens which contain harmful chemicals that can be dangerous for your skin. Always look for ingredients like Titanium Dioxide or Zinc Oxide in your products as these help in reflecting the sun rays in a natural way. Also avoid products that contain micronized or Nano particles as they can penetrate the skin and cause damage to it. Use a sunscreen which has a higher SPF for better protection.
Protect your eyes:
It is very important to shield your eyes from the harmful sun rays. The skin surrounding your eyes is very delicate and may easily get damaged by UV rays. Therefore, whenever you step out in the sun, make sure you wear sunglasses that are specifically designed to block the UVA and UVB rays to reach your eyes and the surrounding skin.
Keep away from tanning salons:
Not only the sun, but frequent visits to tanning salons may also cause skin cancer in many individuals. This process of tanning involves the melanocytes, which may trigger skin cancer easily. Studies show that using the salon beds once a month increases your chances of skin cancer by 55 percent. Therefore, it is recommended to use self-tanning lotions as they do not interact with melanin but the amino acids on the surface of the skin to provide a tanned look.
Map your moles:
Moles can become a probable sign of skin cancer. It is extremely important to map your existing moles and regularly check if they are changing in size and color, especially if you have a family history of skin cancer. Visit your dermatologist immediately if you notice such changes.
Shield your lips:
Wearing an inappropriate lipstick with lower SPF or a lip gloss does not protect your lips from UV rays. Moreover, such products may intensify the effect the sun rays. Always wear broad spectrum products especially formulated for your lips to block the UVA and UVB rays.
Cover yourself with appropriate clothing:
When it comes to protection from skin cancer, there is nothing better than wearing clothes that block the harmful rays of the sun from reaching your body. Wear tightly woven fabrics like polyester and silk to get maximum protection against the sun rays. Avoid wearing whites as they are not effective in blocking UV rays. You may also wash your clothes in a SPF solution to get increased protection from the sun.
Protect yourself from reflective sunlight:
Reflective sunlight can burn the skin faster than direct sunlight. In some areas like sand, snow and water, the sun reflections are too strong to initiate skin cancer. Avoid going to such places without proper sun protection and always apply a sunscreen with SPF 15 or more. Re-apply it every two hours when you are in places with reflective sunlight.
Sarah Carter is a blogger and Team Member at Dermatend – Amazon.com/Extra-Strength-Dermatend-Mole-Removal/dp/B0010AZ3TM/. She likes to write about health, Skin Care, Beauty and Makeup tips.